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Manage multiple languages using Google Spreadsheets

Published: at 09:00 PM

Nowadays, developing mobile apps that come with multiple languages is common. To support different languages in Android, the standard way is to create separate strings.xml files for each language.

        strings.xml     # English
        strings.xml     # French
        strings.xml     # Spain

If there is a request to replace a wording in the app that was different from the design. It will take time for developers to search and change the text, which may take 5 to 10 minutes for this simple work. Because no one can read the code but only the developer.


Google Spreadsheets is the platform that anyone can use, therefore the whole team can manage and make changes to this.

Google Spreadsheets

Then it can be exported to separate XML files by writing a script for this automatic job. Now, anyone can manage the app content in a single place.

Export Spreadsheets to XML

We can write the script to export it in any language. In this example, I use python and pygsheets, since it comes with a suitable way to achieve this.

import pygsheets
import xml.etree.ElementTree as ET
import xml.dom.minidom as minidom

# Replace your google spreadsheet url
spreadsheets_url = ""
# Replace your google authorization credentials
credentials = ""

gc = pygsheets.authorize(credentials)
sh = gc.open_by_url(spreadsheets_url)
wks = sh.sheet1

def export(language_column, file_name):
    root = ET.Element("resources")
    for idx, row in enumerate(wks):
        if idx < 2:  # skip two rows on header
        ET.SubElement(root, "string", name=row[0]).text = row[language_column]
    xmlstr = minidom.parseString(ET.tostring(root)).toprettyxml(indent="    ", newl="\n", encoding="utf-8")
    with open(file_name, "w") as f:

export(1, "en.xml")
export(2, "fr.xml")
export(3, "es.xml")

How to use


If this is the first time, the permission request will appear, and we need to grant it.

Google API permissions


As a result, it will generate 3 XML files en.xml, fr.xml, es.xml that declared in the sheet. Then developers just overwrite the new files in their project.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
    <string name="discover_people">Discover People</string>
    <string name="free_basics">Free Basics</string>
    <string name="find_friends">Find Friends</string>
    <string name="events">Events</string>
    <!-- ... -->